United Nations Security Council
The Security Council is one of six main bodies integrated into the United Nations, and its primary function is to ensure international peace and security in accordance with the United Nations' principles and purposes. In response to global conflicts and crises, the Security Council has passed more than 2600 resolutions.
In order to archive its goals, the Security Council has been given powers that include a legally binding commitment, which results in the responsibility of all member states to obey the decisions from the Security Council.
The objective of the Security Council involves determining the existence of a threat, investigating the threat and if necessary taking actions to resolve the conflict. It is always preferable to use diplomatic methods, e.g. mediation or the appointment of envoys to resolve a conflict, but the Council can also authorize military actions or sanctions if necessary.
The Security Council consists of 15 members, five of whom are permanent (People’s Republic of China, France, Russian Federation, United Kingdom and the United States of America) and ten that are elected by the General Assembly for terms of two years. Permanent members hold special rights, including the right to veto submitted draft resolutions.
Representing a country in the Security Council therefore requires advanced negotiation skills and extensive knowledge about your country’s policy.
The Topic for this year’s conference will be announced shortly before the OLMUN starts.
Further detailed information can be found on http://www.un.org/en/sc/
Topic 2023: Securing Peace and Enhancing Human Rights in Afghanistan