After the Second World War, the international community decided to implement a body to the new founded UN which should prevent the outbreak of more conflicts and maintain peace and stability in the world. In the following seventy years, the Security Council passed more than 2200 resolutions responding to global crises. It is considered to be the most powerful body of the United Nations since it is has tremendous influence on the global agenda of security issues. Therefore, this Council has a range of options including the ascertainment of war and peace as well as the right of taking military action against any aggressor. Apart from that, also the recommendation of new member states to the UN and the Secretary General belongs to its assigned tasks.
The Security Council consists of 15 members, of whom five are permanent (People´s Republic of China, France, Russian Federation, United Kingdom and the United States of America) and ten are elected by the General Assembly for terms of two years. Permanent members hold special rights including the right to veto submitted draft resolutions. This makes finding compromises even harder because permanent members are guided by own security interests, too.
For Model United Nations like the OLMUN this means that representing a country in the Security Council is a task of great responsibility. Apart from advanced debating experiences also negotiation skills are inevitable. This year´s topic will be announced shortly before the conference starts.